The pandemic of covid-19 drastically shifted the landscape, compelling teachers to rely on technology for virtual learning. Google meet, Google classroom, wise app, zoom app and virtual lab are some of the examples of technological tools which helped us to fill the void for the teaching-learning process during the pandemic. On the other hand, technology cannot be used to replace the teachers but to improvise the education system for the sake of students.
With the expansion of computation and information processing techniques, artificial intelligence (AI) has been widely applied in education. Artificial intelligence in education (AIEd) unlocks innovative opportunities, potentials, and challenges in educational practices. Such as intelligent tutoring systems, teaching robots, learning analytics dashboards, adaptive learning systems, human-computer interactions, etc. AI has been considered as a predominant tool to simplify novel standards for instructional design, technological development, and education research that is otherwise impossible to progress in traditional education.
AI Assistance for Students
A student’s goal is very simple: obtain a degree or diploma evidencing their knowledge. AI can assist students to accomplish this goal by streamlining the learning process. By providing entree to the right courses, improving communiqué with educators and freeing up more time to focus on other facets of life. AI can make a significant impact on the student learning process. A few examples are:
•Personalization: it is one of the principal drifts in education. With the usage of AI, students now have an adapted tactic to learn programs based on their exclusive experiences and preferences. AI can adapt to each student’s level of knowledge, speed of learning and desired goals so they can get the best outcome of their education. In addition to AI motorized solutions can examine students previous learning histories, identify weaknesses and offer courses suitable for upgradation, providing many opportunities for an adaptive learning experience.
To perform the personalization, many companies train their AIs, equipped by the Knowledge Space Theory, to define and represent the knowledge gaps, taking into account the complexity of scientific concepts relations between each other.
•Tutoring: Students also need extra assistance from outside of the institutions, many educators don’t have the free time for students after hours. AI tutors and chatbots are perfect resolutions in these situations. But no chatbot can truly replace the educator, AI tools can help students develop their skills and improvise weak spots outside of the institutions. They prove one to one learning experience in 24*7 days.
•Speedy responses: teachers and faculty are often work loaded with monotonous questions on a daily basis. AI can help students find answers to their most commonly asked questions in milliseconds through support automation and conversational intelligence. It helps students to spend minimum time chasing down answers or waiting for responses to their questions.
•Less pressure: Lessons personalized to the needs of diverse learning groups allow students to stop comparison them to each other. Student can resolve their query using a virtual assistant and get an instant clarification, instead to make queries face-to-face in the classroom.
•Universal access for all students: Artificial intelligence tools create universal classrooms accessible to all including those who speak diverse languages or who might have visual or hearing impairments. Presentation Translator is a free plug-in for PowerPoint that creates subtitles in real-time for what the teacher is saying. This also opens up possibilities for students who might not be able to attend school due to illness or who require learning at a different level or on a particular subject that isn’t available in their own school.
•Produce Smart Content: AI generates customized options with digital learning, digital textbooks, study guides, bite-sized lessons. It empowers innovative ways of learning environments, such as visualization, simulation, web-based. Besides, AI helps generate and update the content of the lessons, keeping the information up to date and customizing it for different learning curves.
AI Assistance for Educators
Artificial Intelligence has already been applied to the Higher Education system predominantly in some tools to develop skills and testing systems. By leveraging the best characteristics of machines and teachers, the vision of technology in education is one where they work together for better results for the students.
Most educationalists aren’t scared to confess they struggle with time management. Which is comprehensible given the number of tasks on their mundane routines. AI empower a clear picture of which topics and lessons need to be re-examined. Educators want to spend more time cultivating students, pitching into research and continuing their own education. AI can help free up educators’ time by automating tasks, analysing student performance and closing the educational gap.
•Personalization: By analysing the student’s learning capabilities and history, AI can give teachers a clear picture of which subjects and lessons need to be re-evaluated. This analysis allows teachers to create the best learning program for all students. By analysing each student's specific needs, educators can adjust their courses to address the most common knowledge gaps or challenge areas before a student fall too far behind.
•Answering questions: With access to a school’s entire knowledge base, AI-powered chatbots can answer a variety of generic and repetitive questions students typically ask without involving a faculty member. In bypassing the educator, AI leaves more time for them to focus on lesson planning, curriculum research or improving student engagement.
•Task automation: An educator is burdened with grading homework and tests. AI can step in and make quick work out of these tasks while at the same time offering endorsements for how to close the gashes in learning. The authority of AI can automate the most mundane tasks, including administrative work, grading papers, assessing learning patterns, replying to general questions and more. However, with support automation tools, teachers can automate manual processes, leaving more time to focus on teaching core competencies.
•Education without boundaries: AI brings radical transitions by facilitating the learning of any course from anywhere across the globe at any time. Technology gives people the possibility to pursue their educational motives and to further their education.
•Course creation and personalized textbooks: AI is used as a tool for creating courses and bringing real-time evolutions in the teaching-learning process. New technologies create customized study guides to be utilised for students.
The well-designed formative assessments developed due to the latest advancements in technology can help students learn quicker and better. Intelligent tutoring, stealth assessments, games, and virtual reality, mini-tests invented due to artificial intelligence can provide a wide variety of ways to use this technology to better the education system. For these, the education system needs massive investments in the research and development for new testing technologies which is used to improvise the teaching-learning process.
|Dr. Tariq Hussain Sheikh is an educationist and mentor. He is actively involved in the teaching and learning process which led to proper guidance and counselling of the students at the Undergraduate level, particularly students... Read More|